European Driving Requirements

Some countries in Europe have a minimum legal requirement of equipment you must carry in your vehicle to assist you if you break down. This helps to both keep you safe and aid the police and recovery agents to find and rescue you from your breakdown location.

Below are listed the minimum required items you will need to have with you in your vehicle when travelling through various European countries. Please ensure that you have all the required items for each country that you will be travelling through, as the requirements can change as you cross the border.

Athough we have a comprehensive list, we cannot guarentee that we have listed all countries that may have minimum legals requirements, or that this list will contain every requirement. It is your responsibility to check for any updated legal requirements in the areas you will be travelling in.

Whilst we try to keep this information up to date, the driving rules and regulations in Europe may change without notice and this information may subsequently become inaccurate. We accept no responsibility for information which may become out of date or liability for incorrect information.

Why not also read our Breakdown Cover Guide and see the answers to some Frequently Asked Questions?

For ease of use, we have listed the countries alphabetically:

Andorra

  • Spare Bulbs
  • Warning Triangle
  • Reflective Jacket
  • Winter tires/Snow chains must be used when signs indicate

Austria

  • Warning Triangle
  • First Aid Kit
  • Reflective Jacket
  • Winter Tires/Snow Chains between November 1st and April 15th
  • Motorway tax sticker (vignette)

Belarus

  • First Aid Kit
  • Fire Extinguisher
  • Warning Triangle
  • A road tax is payable at the frontier

Belgium

  • Reflective Jacket (There is an on-the-spot fine for non-compliance)
  • Warning Triangle

Bosnia Herzegovina

  • First Aid Kit
  • Spare Bulbs
  • Spare Tyre
  • Reflective Jacket
  • Warning Triangle (2 required if towing a trailer)
  • Winter tires/Snow Chains between November 15th and April 15th

Bulgaria

  • Fire Extinguisher
  • First Aid Kit
  • Warning Triangle
  • Winter tires/Snow Chains must be used when signs indicate
  • Motorway tax sticker (vignette)

Croatia

  • Spare Bulbs
  • First Aid Kit
  • Warning Triangle (2 required if towing a trailer)
  • Winter Tires/Snow Chains as indicated, normally between November and April.
  • Reflective Jacket

Republic of Cyprus

  • 2 Warning Triangles

Czech Republic

  • First Aid Kit
  • Warning Triangle
  • Winter Tires (Snow chains only allowed when road is completely covered in snow)
  • Reflective Jacket
  • Motorway tax sticker (vignette)

Denmark

  • Red Warning Triangle

Estonia

  • First Aid Kit
  • Fire Extinguisher
  • 2 Wheel Chocks
  • 2 Warning Triangles
  • Winter Tires between December 1st and March 1st (Dates can vary)

Finland

  • Warning Triangle
  • Reflective Jacket
  • Winter Tires between December 1st and March 1st

France

  • Warning Triangle
  • Snow Chains (when signs indicate)
  • Reflective Jacket
  • Approved Breathalyzer
  • Driving through Paris, Lyon or Grenoble? Don't forget that if your vehicle was registered after 1996 you'll need to display an emissions sticker. For more information, see the Urban Access Regulation page

Germany

  • Winter Tyres - Winter tyres must be used during winter weather. Summer tyres (which are usually fitted to UK vehicles) are prohibited and there is an on the spot fine for non-compliace. All Season or Winter tyres are acceptable, usually marked M+S and/or a snowflake/snowy mountains symbol.

Greece

  • Fire extinguisher
  • First Aid Kit
  • Warning Triangle

Hungary

  • First Aid Kit
  • Warning Triangle
  • Reflective Jacket
  • Snow Chains as signs indicate
  • Motorway tax sticker (vignette) on certain routes

Iceland

  • Warning Triangle
  • Winter Tires from November 1st to April 15th

Ireland

  • Warning Triangle for vehicles over 1.5 tons

Italy & San Marino

  • Warning Triangle
  • Reflective Jacket
  • Winter Tires/Snow Chains from October 15th to April

Latvia

  • First Aid Kit
  • Warning Triangle
  • Fire Extinguisher
  • Reflective Jackets (for anyone leaving the vehicle)
  • Winter Tires Between December 1st and March 1st

Lithuania

  • First Aid Kit
  • Warning Triangle
  • Fire Extinguisher
  • Reflective Jacket
  • Winter Tires between December 1st and April 1st

Luxembourg

  • Reflective Jacket (Driver and passengers)
  • Warning Triangle
  • Tires must all be the same type

Macedonia

  • First Aid Kit
  • Tow Rope
  • Warning Triangle (2 required if towing a trailer)
  • Fire Extinguisher
  • Reflective Jacket
  • Winter Tires/Snow Chains

Malta

  • Warning Triangle

Montenegro

  • Spare Bulb Set
  • First Aid Kit
  • Warning Triangle (2 required if towing a trailer)
  • Eco Tax Sticker (This is payable at the border upon entry)

Netherlands

  • Warning Triangle

Norway

  • Warning Triangle
  • Reflective Jacket

Poland

  • Warning Triangle

Portugal

  • Photographic Proof of Identity
  • Reflective Jacket
  • It is illegal to carry bicycles on the back of a passenger car

Romania

  • First Aid Kit
  • Fire Extinguisher
  • Warning Triangle
  • Road Tax sticker “Rovinieta” (Note that there is a penalty fine between €3000 and €4000 for non compliance)

Russian Federation

  • First Aid Kit
  • Fire Extinguisher
  • Warning Triangle
  • Spare Bulb Set
  • Road Tax Sticker

Serbia

  • First Aid Kit
  • Spare Bulb Set
  • Warning Triangle (2 required if towing a trailer)
  • Winter Tires/Snow Chains as indicated
  • Daytime Running Lights or Dipped Headlights
  • Reflective Jacket
  • Spare Wheel
  • Towing Rope
  • European Accident Claim Form

Slovakia

  • First Aid Kit
  • Warning Triangle
  • Winter Tires/Snow Chains as indicated
  • Reflective Jacket (Note that there is a penalty fine for non-compliance)
  • Motorway Tax Sticker

Slovenia

  • Reflective Jacket (Note that there is a penalty fine for non-compliance)
  • Warning Triangle (2 required if towing a trailer)
  • Winter Tires/Snow Chains between November 15th and March 15th or as indicated

Spain

  • Spare Tire or tire repair kit
  • Warning Triangle (2 recommended)
  • Reflective Jacket

Sweden

  • Winter Tires between December 1st and March 31st

Switzerland and Liechtenstein

  • Winter tires/Snow Chains
  • Warning Triangle

Turkey

  • First Aid Kit
  • Fire Extinguisher
  • Warning Triangle (2 required)

Ukraine

  • First Aid Kit
  • Warning Triangle
  • Fire Extinguisher

Article written by James Dix